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Episode 30 -- September 5th, 2016 -- Vibration, Energy, Resonance and Tuned Circuits.
Listen to the episode 49.8 MB MP3
Something that moves back and forth, either in physical space or an energy moving back and forth (light, radio waves) or the dancing of existance (heat).
Everything in the universe (including you) vibrates. We experience this vibration as "Heat".
We perceive an object as hot if it is vibrating at a higher frequency than us.
We perceive something as cold if it is vibrating at a lower frequency than our skin. It absorbs energy from us. When we touch something cold, we give it energy. When we touch something hot, it gives us energy.
Radio waves and Light are electrons vibrating.
Sound is air vibrating.
So a microphone has a paper cone which is connected to a tiny magnet which, as air hits it, vibrates back and forth with the air hitting it and, as it moves, the magnet moves against an electomagnet (a magnet made by wrapping electrical wire around an iron core) and it induces an electric current into that electromagnet where there wasn't any before. That is, the movement of air generates a small amount of electricity. Millivolts (thousanths of a single volt).
A speaker works the same only in reverse -- and electrical signal, as it vibrates the electrons in an electromagnet, that magnet moves a tiny fixed magnet attached to a paper cone which vibrates the air to the tune of the electrons running through it.
THere are two parameters we use to measure vibration. Cycles per second and wavelength.
The distance in space that a single cycle travels is called its wavelength.
THe number of cycles in each second is called its frequency.
KPFZ radio transmits a radio signal on a frequency of 88,100,00 cycles per second or 88,100 Kilohertz or 88.1 Megahertz, abbreviated, MHz.
KPFZ's radio radio signal has a wavelength of approximately 3.4025 meters or 11 feet and a bit over 2 inches.
The Universe is made of stuff (Matter) and forces acting on stuff (Energy). We think of Matter as nouns and Energy as verbs.
Electricity comes in two flavors
Static -- Lightning and arcs; plasma. Rubbing fur on a glass rod, etc.
Current -- flowing through wires.
Matter (usually) has mass, but really really small matter becomes impossible to measure it's location. It gets kinda fuzzy.
Quantum Physics gets its name from the idea of Quantities of something or specific packets of energy, rather than simply a smaller and smaller portion.
Light is quantized. That is, the smallest whole unit of light we can reasonably discuss which behaves in a "normal" way, is one unit of light called a Photon. All light is made up of a whole number of photons.
Einstein explained to us how much mass is equal to how much energy. E = MC2 ("E=MC squared") means the energy of something is equal to the amount of mass present multiplied by the speed of light times the speed of light again.
Energy also can be found by multiplying Max Planck's constant 6.262 x 10-34 multiplied by the frequency in cycles per second at which it vibrates. That's 0.000000000000000000000000000000000626, a very small number indeed.
ELectrical energy is measured in Volts. A Volt specifies how much electrical pressure there is.
Really tiny things
The smallest kind of thing we discuss are atoms. Atoms come in approximately 120 different flavors (plus a number of offshoots of some of those).
Each atom is made up of a nucleus containing protons (zero or more) and neutrons (one or more) with one or more electrons orbitting it.
The electrons are thousands of times smaller than the nucleus.
Multiple electrons behave as waves, not individual thingies. It gets really weirld, really fast.
Inductors and Capacitors
How radios work
An amplifier uses a tube or a transistor to make a small signal bigger.
An Oscillator is an amplifier with a tuned circuit feeding back the output into the input so that it oscillates (that is, makes a sound).
A Tuned circuit is a set of inductors (usually 1) and capacitors (usually 1) whoses values together create the resonant frequency desired.
When you mix two signals together, you get the two signals but also the sum and difference of them.
You can use Tuned circuits to filter out the 3 you don't want and that's how you change a signal from one frequency to another.
Over Unity Electromagnetic Generators (?!)
It is certainly true that almost all electricity is generated from moving magnets (usually around in a circle) with respect to electromagnets. But a so-called, "Motionless electromagnetic generator" but I have no idea how or even IF it works or is a sham. I'll have to do more research to learn. It seems at first like a scam to me because I've been taught all my life to assume that you can't get energy from nothing. But I'm sure that to somebody 200 years ago, a generator looks like getting energy from nothing, so I admit that I just don't know.
There appear to be quite a few claims of devices that create amazing amounts of electricity from ..something... I've found a few links to them here, here and here.
Capitalism - the beleif that people will do whatever is necessary to accumulate as much money as possible. And it's true, some will.
In a Democratic Republic, such as the United States, government workers are supposed to work for the benefit of the citizens.
Socialism - is a style of government in which resources are shared between all people according to their needs. For example, giving free loans to farmers when they have a bad season is socialism. Providing money for research and development is a form of socialism. Certainly Social Security, Medicare, government maintained roads and bridges and schools are all examples of socialism. Giving huge tax breaks to giant corporatiosn is a kind of socialism.
Fascism is what happens when capitalists conspire with governments. This is what we are now beginning to experience. This is what I accuse Hillary Clinton of having engaged in while Secretary of State.
There appears to me to be lots of credible evidence that -while servicing as Secretary of State of the United States, Hillary Clinton made quite a large number of choices against the interests of the People of the United States on behalf of persons, organizations, corporations and foreign governments in exchange for millions of dollars in "Donations" to the Clinton Foundation (not all of which were apparently correctly reported).
In New York, a woman who sold a building to the Clintons for hundreds of times more money than people at the time said it was worth, was found to have nonconcentually illegally changed the party affiliation of no fewer than 128,000 Sanders supports to prevent them from voting.
In San Diego County, the Registrar of Voters refused to allow auditors close enough to see, but some did actually video auditors WHTING OUT Sanders Ballots and writing in Clinton. it is illegal to tamper with a ballot during auditing except under very specific conditions and these weren't them.
In San Francisco, the observers weren't allowed within 8 feet of the auditing. That is against the rules.
A lawsuit was filed and litigated against the San Diego Registrar of voters (who has since been fired I think) about the video of auditors whiting out ballots. This lawsuit prevailed. The judge has said that the 12 largest counties in the state of California must conduct a 100% audit (the RIGHT way this time) of the Democratic Primary Election. This will take place in October.
Credible statistical analysis makes it very clear that Bernie Sanders actually won the National Democratic Primary. But since -at the convention- he chose Clinton himself (probably because, in my opinion, he and his family were physically threatened), Clinton won the nomination, at least until she is arrested; then the rules say Sanders becomes the official nominee. Did you notice his official endorcement for Mrs. Clinton happened just a few days after the Secret Service inexplicably announced that they were no longer going to protect him and his family? This seems highly suspicious to me.
If I've made any mistakes, please Call me or email Kila or you can call us directly at (707) 413-6435. Here is my main website.